Scientific evidence shows that Cambodia is facing Climate Change:
The fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published in 2007 stated clearly that planet earth is facing anthropogenic climate change. Cambodia is not immune to this global crisis, but the degree to which Cambodia is causing climate change and suffering from climate change is different from other countries. Climate change is caused by the rising of atmospheric greenhouse gas, which Cambodia emits far lower compared with average greenhouse gas emission in the region and the world. However, the adverse effects of climate change have dampened socio-economic development efforts and achievement made so far.
There are rigorous scientific studies on Cambodia climate. Mean annual temperatures of Cambodia have increased by 0.8 oC since 1960, at a rate of about 0.18 oC per decade. Since 1960, the frequency of ‘hot’ days has increased significantly (+46, with strongest increases noted in September - November), as has the frequency of ‘hot’ nights (+63, with most robust increases noted in December-February). These are a few examples.
Climate change is a cross-cutting issue, not a sector itself. Cambodia priority is:
- to continue effectively implementing Cambodia Climate Change Strategic Plan 2014-2023 by providing on-going support to 15 relevant ministries and institutions who have developed action plans to mobilize resources and build partnerships;
- to strengthen institutional and technical capacities to prepare programs;
- to identify impacts of climate change in all aspects of Cambodia's economy, as well as to define the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by introducing new technologies, particularly for critical national economic sectors, such as energy, transportation, etc.;
- to enhance awareness, capacity building, and education related to climate change;
- to mobilize resources from external sources of funding, such as from Green Climate Fund can contribute to implementing priority projects in Cambodia; and
- to continue to participate in climate change international negotiations to address this significant world problem.