Climate Smart Farming Project


More than 40% of all cultivated soils in Cambodia are medium to severely degraded due to tillage-based intensive mono-cropping and usage of agro-chemical inputs. Land and soil degradation significantly diminish Cambodia’s climate change adaptation and mitigation potential. On the other hand, climate change will further accelerate land degradation. The proposed project will test and introduce climate smart/resilient farming techniques that will have positive effects on soil regeneration and strengthen both climate change adaptation and mitigation potential.

Climate-smart practices, i.e. no-till with integrated cover crops and application of organic crop protection, increase profits for farmers, enhance resilience of cropping systems and reduce emissions, both chemical pollutions as well as greenhouse gas emissions by sequestering atmospheric CO2. As a result, both food security and safety as well as water and energy security will be increased.

Overall Objective

Adapt and mitigate the effects of climate through adoption of climate smart farming

Specific Objectives

1. Produce bio-products in Cambodia; and
2. Reduce cost of farming productions including livestock and agro-industrial crops.


HEKS Cambodia partners with the Cambodian company SmartAgro to test their technology in Cambodia on three new applications: on cashew and pepper farms as well as for forage grass on communal land of Indigenous people. The focus is on biological solutions to improve soil management, with benefits both for climate change mitigation (carbon storage in soil) and adaptation (better retention of water and nutrients, and improved farm performance). Proposed solutions for cattle are also expected to reduce methane emissions. The project will test and localize biological solutions from Germany, France, Brazil and Thailand. SmartAgro tested a variety of traditional methods to improve production in a non- chemical way. Products to reduce pest infestation like neem, garlic, chili, lemongrass were tested, but results were unsatisfactory. That is why the company is importing technology from abroad, contributing to a knowledge transfer in climate change responses and adaptation of cropping systems. Bio products, together with the right techniques, contribute to controlling pests organically and boosting plant and soil health, increasing water retention capacity in soils and providing micronutrients.

Outputs and Key Activities

Result Key Activities
  • Reduction in GHG emissions and increase in carbon stock in soil (exact baseline and target to be established after selection of farmers)
  • Drought resilience (measured through water retention/ soil structure and nutrients)
  • Farm performance (profitability increase between 30% and 160% depending on crop)
  • 4 farmer field schools, 43 demo farms and 140 households benefit from training (50% women and 60 indigenous people households)
  • 70% of trainees pass test on the introduced climate smart techniques / products
  • 5 local retailers of the proposed climate smart products and 20 seed producers (4 in indigenous people areas) are supported and produce 10 tons of seeds
  • Assess behavior, practices, ambitions, challenges of target farmers and prototype solutions to climate change challenges, pest and weed control and to increase productivity
  • Conduct of Farmer Field Schools and demo plots
  • Feedback on these field tests (demo-plots) will be integrated in adoption and/or upscaling of tested solutions
  • Create audio-visual knowledge products to document successful solutions for climate-smart, conservation agriculture

Knowledge Products

• Case studies • Bio-products • Training materials

Timeframe Total Budget Partners Location
2 Years, 9 months
(October 2020 - June 2023)
USD 136,515
(From CCCA US$ 100,000)
HEKS, SmartAgro Tbong Khmum, Kratie and Mondul Kiri provinces