Institutional arrangements

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change defined (2018) the set of rules for reporting and review of information submitted by countries called the Enhanced Transparency Framework (ETF) of the Paris Agreement. Based on the guidance provided the countries shall provide information needed to track progress made in implementing and achieving their NDCs submitted.

The institutional framework established to lead Cambodia’s climate response including the establishment of the National Council for Sustainable Development (NCSD), its Secretariat (GSSD), (2015) (the Royal decree No. NorSor/RorKorTor/0515/403 and the sub-decree No. 59 OrNorKrar.BorKor) and the Council’s Climate Change Technical Working Group (CCTWG) (2017) (Prakas NO.002 S.S.R NCSD) specifies the roles and tasks for the development and management of climate change related monitoring and evaluation (M&E) instruments, and the national M&E framework for climate change response.

A Number of Actions Per Ministry and Category

Ministries Mitigation Adaptation Enabling
Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
16 14 0
Ministry of Mines and Energy
26 2 0
Ministry of Environment
21 4 0
Ministry of Industry, Science, Technology and Innovation
8 1 0
National Committee for Sub-National Democratic Development
3 6 4
Ministry of Land Management, Urban Planning and Construction
4 9 0
Ministry of Public Works and Transport
9 2 0
Ministry of Tourism
6 3 0
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports
0 1 5
Ministry of Women's Affairs
0 0 5
Minister of Information
0 0 6
Ministry of Planning
0 0 2
National Council for Sustainable Development
3 0 5
Ministry of Rural Development
0 4 4
Ministry of Health
0 5 0
National Committee for Disaster management
0 4 0
Ministry of Water Resources And Meteorology
0 5 0
1 0 0

Roles and responsibilities

NCSD’s Board

  • Provide overall direction and coordination of the M&E framework
  • Approve biennial M&E/BTR reports
  • Make recommendations as to eventual adjustments of Cambodia’s CC response.

NCSD Secretariat (GDPS)

Through the Department of Climate Change and its Policy and Coordination Office, is responsible for the overall management of the framework, including:

  • Lead the process of annual update of the national M&E framework’s indicators, in close collaboration with MoP and other relevant institutions to ensure that data in the M&E framework information system is reasonably reliable and consistent. I.e. facilitates CCTWG group scoring of the institutional readiness indicators; establishes mechanisms to automatize transfer and processing of relevant quality assured data from other institutions; and provides additional QA (validation checks).
  • Prepare M&E framework biennial reports to be shared with NCSD Board, CCTWG and relevant stakeholders, and preparing summary information on annual indicators’ updates
  • Disseminate M&E framework findings to the broader public, using the climate change web portal and other means
  • Propose further development of the framework and its information system as relevant
  • Provide support to sectors to develop their respective sectoral CC M&E frameworks
  • Facilitate discussions with practitioners to discuss results and seek inputs for further development of the framework.


  • Participate in the update of the framework’s national institutional readiness indicators
  • Liaise with the respective member institutions and ensure sharing/transfer of relevant sector data necessary to produce framework’s indicators in a timely and effective manner (e.g. primary data required to the production of relevant indicators such as the vulnerability index; secondary data on macro-level sector indicators part of the framework)
  • Provide inputs to the M&E framework/BTR, including analytical content and policy recommendations
  • Participate in the continued development of the framework and its information system
  • Promote alignment of other CC-related M&E instruments (at all levels) with the present M&E framework and information system
  • Promote alignment of the respective sectoral M&E frameworks with the present national M&E framework and information system
  • Disseminate findings and recommendations from the national CC M&E framework results.

Ministries/agencies members of CCTWG

  • Support the respective CCTWG members to timely and effective perform their functions

Other Stakeholders

In addition to the institutions with a direct mandate for the coordination of climate change response and agencies implementing climate change responses, a number of other actors are key to the successful operationalization and use of the M&E framework for climate change. In particular development partners, NGOs, private sector, research institutions and practitioners involved play a critical role in providing continued feedback on the use of the national climate change monitoring and evaluation system, and thus help enhancing the country’s capacity for monitor and evaluate the response.

Timeline and the targets