Cambodia joined the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
A Cambodian Higher Education Institution which was founded in 1964 and supported by cooperation between the Cambodia and the former Soviet Union.
UNFCCC was adopted at the United Nations Headquarters, New York on the 9 May 1992. Currently, there are 197 Parties (196 States and 1 regional economic integration organization), including Cambodia, to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The convention objective is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that will prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system, in a time frame which allows ecosystems to adapt naturally and enables sustainable development.
Cambodia is not emitted country but highly vulnerable to climate change. The country is voluntary with globe to combat climate change with principle 'common but differentiated responsibilities'.
The only office established within Ministry of Environment responsible for all activities related to climate change.
Cartagena protocol is an international agreement which aims to ensure the safe handling, transport and use of living modified organisms (LMOs) resulting from modern biotechnology that may have adverse effects on biological diversity, taking also into account risks to human health. It was adopted on 29 January 2000 and entered into force on 11 September 2003.
"An inter-ministerial mechanism, and is cross-sectoral and multi-disciplinary in nature. 19 ministries agencies are member.
It is established to prepare, coordinate and monitor the implementation of policies, strategies, legal instruments, plans and programmes of the Royal Government to address climate change issues."
The main benefits of joining the GGGI is to move Cambodia towards a greener economy which focuses on effectively applying natural resources, green jobs, green tech, green finance, green credit, and green investment.
"The policy and strategic plan are to promote a national economy with growth stability, reduction and prevention of environmental pollution, safe ecosystem, poverty reduction, and promotion of public health service, educational quality, natural resources management, and sustainable land use and water resources management to increase energy efficiency, ensuring food safety and glorify the national culture"
The first national strategic plan designed to ensure its strategic cohesion to address a wide range of climate change issues concerning adaptation, GHG mitigation, and low-carbon development.
The General Secretariat of the National Science and Technology Council of Ministry of Planning was established to coordinating and promoting 1) research and development, 2) education, training, science and technology, and 3) science and technology services.
"The Master Plan is aimed for the industrial innovation through the securing of Science and Technology foundation. Furthermore, three core industries have been selected for the investigation and analysis – including agriculture, primary industries, and ICT.
It was launched by Ministry of Planning with support from the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA)."
Ratification of Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity. "The Nagoya Protocol on ABS was adopted on 29 October 2010 in Nagoya, Japan and entered into force on 12 October 2014, 90 days after the deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification. Its objective is the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources, thereby contributing to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. The Nagoya Protocol will create greater legal certainty and transparency for both providers and users of genetic resources by:
· Establishing more predictable conditions for access to genetic resources.
· Helping to ensure benefit-sharing when genetic resources leave the country providing the genetic resources
By helping to ensure benefit-sharing, the Nagoya Protocol creates incentives to conserve and sustainably use genetic resources, and therefore enhances the contribution of biodiversity to development and human well-being."
The Kyoto Protocol was adopted in Kyoto, Japan, on 11 December 1997 and entered into force on 16 February 2005.
During the first commitment period of 2008-2012, Cambodia approved 10 CDM projects in the field of renewable energy and energy efficiency resulting in reduction of approximately 2 million tons of carbon dioxide per year.
"A major institutional reform to promote sustainable development and to ensure economic, environmental, social and cultural balance of the nation.
It is consolidated from 4 bodies: National Council of Green Growth and its Secretariat, the National Climate Change Committee and its Secretariat, the National Biosafety Secretariat and the National Biodiversity Steering Committee"
Cambodia recognizes the need for respecting the principles of the UNFCCC. The NDC set out the actions planned to reduce Greenhouse gas emissions, and adapt to climate change, and how the plans will be financed and tracked for Cambodia.
The Instrument of Acceptance would allow Cambodia to further participate in implementing projects under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol for the period of 2012-2020 (the second commitment period). This acceptance also shows Cambodia’s commitment to join global efforts in reducing greenhouse gas emission in order to achieve the 2 degree limit.
"The historical agreement in combating climate change.
From this ratification, Cambodia is expected to receive financial support, technological transfer, and capacity building which immediate response to climate change and disaster risk."