Policy Timeline

1950
July 03, 1951

July 03

1951

UNESCO

July 03, 1951

Cambodia joined the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

1960
September 20, 1964

September 20

1964

Institute of Technology of Cambodia (ITC) in Cambodia is established

September 20, 1964

A Cambodian Higher Education Institution which was founded in 1964 and supported by cooperation between the Cambodia and the former Soviet Union.

1990
February 09, 1995

February 09

1995

Submission letter of accession to the UN-CBD

February 09, 1995
March 17, 1996

March 17

1996

Cambodia ratification of UNFCCC enter into force

March 17, 1996

UNFCCC was adopted at the United Nations Headquarters, New York on the 9 May 1992. Currently, there are 197 Parties (196 States and 1 regional economic integration organization), including Cambodia, to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The convention objective is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that will prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system, in a time frame which allows ecosystems to adapt naturally and enables sustainable development.
Cambodia is not emitted country but highly vulnerable to climate change. The country is voluntary with globe to combat climate change with principle 'common but differentiated responsibilities'.

2000
January 01, 2002

January 01

2002

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP)

January 01, 2002
June 23, 2003

June 23

2003

Created Climate Change Office within MoE

June 23, 2003

The only office established within Ministry of Environment responsible for all activities related to climate change.

December 16, 2003

December 16

2003

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety ratification enter into force

December 16, 2003

Cartagena protocol is an international agreement which aims to ensure the safe handling, transport and use of living modified organisms (LMOs) resulting from modern biotechnology that may have adverse effects on biological diversity, taking also into account risks to human health. It was adopted on 29 January 2000 and entered into force on 11 September 2003.

April 24, 2006

April 24

2006

National Committee on Climate Change is established

April 24, 2006

"An inter-ministerial mechanism, and is cross-sectoral and multi-disciplinary in nature. 19 ministries agencies are member.
It is established to prepare, coordinate and monitor the implementation of policies, strategies, legal instruments, plans and programmes of the Royal Government to address climate change issues."

January 01, 2008

January 01

2008

Creation of Department of Biodiversity and International Conventions within MoE

January 01, 2008
2010
January 01, 2012

January 01

2012

Cambodia submitted 1st National Communication to UNFCCC

January 01, 2012
January 01, 2012

January 01

2012

National Council on Green Growth (NCGG) and its General Secretariat

January 01, 2012
January 01, 2013

January 01

2013

Accession letter on Nagoya-Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

January 01, 2013
February 22, 2013

February 22

2013

Agreement on the Establishment of the Global green Growth institute (GGGI)

February 22, 2013

The main benefits of joining the GGGI is to move Cambodia towards a greener economy which focuses on effectively applying natural resources, green jobs, green tech, green finance, green credit, and green investment.

March 01, 2013

March 01

2013

National Green Growth Policy and Strategic Plan (2013-2030)

March 01, 2013

"The policy and strategic plan are to promote a national economy with growth stability, reduction and prevention of environmental pollution, safe ecosystem, poverty reduction, and promotion of public health service, educational quality, natural resources management, and sustainable land use and water resources management to increase energy efficiency, ensuring food safety and glorify the national culture"

October 01, 2013

October 01

2013

Cambodia Climate Change Strategic Plan 2014-2023

October 01, 2013

The first national strategic plan designed to ensure its strategic cohesion to address a wide range of climate change issues concerning adaptation, GHG mitigation, and low-carbon development.

January 01, 2014

January 01

2014

National Science and Technology Council

January 01, 2014

The General Secretariat of the National Science and Technology Council of Ministry of Planning was established to coordinating and promoting 1) research and development, 2) education, training, science and technology, and 3) science and technology services.

October 07, 2014

October 07

2014

The launch of the National Science and Technology Master Plan 2014-2020

October 07, 2014

"The Master Plan is aimed for the industrial innovation through the securing of Science and Technology foundation. Furthermore, three core industries have been selected for the investigation and analysis – including agriculture, primary industries, and ICT.
It was launched by Ministry of Planning with support from the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA)."

January 19, 2015

January 19

2015

Ratification of Nagoya Protocol

January 19, 2015

Ratification of Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity. "The Nagoya Protocol on ABS was adopted on 29 October 2010 in Nagoya, Japan and entered into force on 12 October 2014, 90 days after the deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification. Its objective is the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources, thereby contributing to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. The Nagoya Protocol will create greater legal certainty and transparency for both providers and users of genetic resources by:
· Establishing more predictable conditions for access to genetic resources.
· Helping to ensure benefit-sharing when genetic resources leave the country providing the genetic resources
By helping to ensure benefit-sharing, the Nagoya Protocol creates incentives to conserve and sustainably use genetic resources, and therefore enhances the contribution of biodiversity to development and human well-being."

February 16, 2015

February 16

2015

Cambodia ratification of Kyoto Protocol enter into force

February 16, 2015

The Kyoto Protocol was adopted in Kyoto, Japan, on 11 December 1997 and entered into force on 16 February 2005.
During the first commitment period of 2008-2012, Cambodia approved 10 CDM projects in the field of renewable energy and energy efficiency resulting in reduction of approximately 2 million tons of carbon dioxide per year.

May 19, 2015

May 19

2015

National Council for Sustainable Development is established

May 19, 2015

"A major institutional reform to promote sustainable development and to ensure economic, environmental, social and cultural balance of the nation.
It is consolidated from 4 bodies: National Council of Green Growth and its Secretariat, the National Climate Change Committee and its Secretariat, the National Biosafety Secretariat and the National Biodiversity Steering Committee"

September 30, 2015

September 30

2015

Cambodia submitted Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) to UNFCCC

September 30, 2015

Cambodia recognizes the need for respecting the principles of the UNFCCC. The NDC set out the actions planned to reduce Greenhouse gas emissions, and adapt to climate change, and how the plans will be financed and tracked for Cambodia.

November 17, 2015

November 17

2015

Submitted the Instrument of Acceptance of the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol

November 17, 2015

The Instrument of Acceptance would allow Cambodia to further participate in implementing projects under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol for the period of 2012-2020 (the second commitment period). This acceptance also shows Cambodia’s commitment to join global efforts in reducing greenhouse gas emission in order to achieve the 2 degree limit.

January 01, 2016

January 01

2016

Cambodia submitted 2nd National Communication to UNFCCC

January 01, 2016
February 01, 2016

February 01

2016

NBSAP update

February 01, 2016
March 08, 2017

March 08

2017

Paris Agreement on Climate Change ratification enter into force for Cambodia

March 08, 2017

"The historical agreement in combating climate change.
From this ratification, Cambodia is expected to receive financial support, technological transfer, and capacity building which immediate response to climate change and disaster risk."

2020